Arranged marriage statistics – To believe or not to believe!
Arranged marriage statistics is as rare as Indian parents who want their children to fall in love or remain unmarried after the “marriageable age”.
Arranged marriage statistics that’s available online today are either based on research studies with small sample sizes or based on mystery sources. In some cases, selective interpretation is used to buttress an argument.
For example, based on this BBC article on increasing divorce rates in India, we cannot conclude that there is a 100% increase in divorce rates in the past five years.
On top of these issues, people end up lapping up arranged marriage statistics to prove a point about how great the Indian culture is (on one side) or paint all arranged marriages as forced marriages.
When we went searching for arranged marriage statistics, we found only half-baked information or no information. However, we couldn’t find a single place that compiled whatever statistics was available on arranged marriage.
So, Jodi Logik Minions decided to create one single repository of research based on which arranged marriage statistics can be confidently quoted. We are not trying to come up with our interpretation of these research reports. The order of this list has no significance.
Name of the research: Comparison of the importance of marital characteristics and marital satisfaction for Asian Indians in arranged marriages and Americans in marriages of choice.
Date of publication: 23rd Dec 2011
Authors: Jane Myers, Lynne Tingle, Jayamala Madathil, University of North Carolina, Greensborough.
Research conclusion: NRIs living in the US who have gone through arranged marriage are more satisfied in their marriage when compared to Indians in India or Americans who married based on personal choice. There was a significant, but small, relationship between involvement in mate selection and satisfaction for Indians in India.
Name of the research: Relationship Outcomes In Indian-America Love-based and Arranged Marriage.
Date of publication: June 2012
Authors: Pamela Regan, Saloni Lakhanpal, Carlos Anguiano, California State University
Research Conclusion: This study compared relationship outcomes in love-based and arranged marriages contracted in the U.S. A community sample of 58 Indian participants living in the U.S. (28 arranged marriages, 30 love-based marriages) completed measures of marital satisfaction, commitment, companionate love, and passionate love. Men reported greater amounts of commitment, passionate love, and companionate love than women. Unexpectedly, no differences were found between participants in arranged and love-based marriages; high ratings of love, satisfaction, and commitment were observed in both marriage types. The overall affective experiences of partners in arranged and love marriages appear to be similar, at least among Indian adults living in contemporary U.S. society.
Name of the research: Emerging Marriage Trends in Indian Christian Community
Date of publication: March 2008
Authors: Thomas Idiculla, Leslie Verghese, Ancy Paulose, Cecil Mathew
Research conclusion: Preferred method for finding a partner for one-third (35%) of the respondents is “chosen by self” (modern view), followed by arranged by parents (34%), a combination of chosen by self and approved by parents (24%), and arranged by others including friends (7%). Leading factors of marital instability are selfish behavior/lack of self control/unsettled issues/unforgiving nature (73%), followed by sex outside marriage or sexual frustrations/sexual temptation/extra-marital relationships (67%); unrealistic expectations (65%); pornography, gambling and other addictions (60%); alcohol and substance abuse (59%); interference from in-laws (56%); financial conflicts (54%); and workaholism/over-involvement (50%).
Name of the research: Taj Wedding Barometer
Date of publication: March 2013
Author: Taj Group of Hotels
Research conclusions: Around 75 percent of Indians, including 82 percent women and 68 percent, are conservative and prefer arranged marriages. Compared to the national average of 74 percent, nearly 82 percent of young people in North India prefer arranged marriages.
Name of the research: An exploratory study of love and liking and type of marriages.
Date of publication: July 1982
Author: Usha Gupta, Pushpa Singh
Research conclusions: Examined the effect of type of marriage (love and arranged), duration, and sex on love and liking in 25 love-marriage and 25 arranged marriage couples. Results indicate that couples that had love marriage showed reduced scores on love and liking with longer duration of the marriage.
Name of the research: Are the Young and the Educated More Likely to Have “Love” than Arranged Marriage? A Study of Autonomy in Partner Choice in India
Date of publication: October 2013
Authors: Manjistha Banerji, Steven Martin, Sonalde Desai
Research conclusions: Among women surveyed in the study, 35% of marriages were arranged by parents alone while 23% of respondents actively participating in selecting the spouse. 5% had self-arranged marriages. There is a significant growth in the percentage of women of recent generations in terms of a preference for arranged marriage with active participation.
Name of the research: NDTV – Ipsos Survey
Date of publication: September 2012
Research conclusions: 74% of Indians believe arranged marriage is better. In Tamil Nadu, New Delhi and West Bengal, only 59% think arranged marriage is better. While in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana, 88% believe that arranged marriage is better.
If you think there are other credible research reports that have interesting arranged marriage statistics, please share it with us and we will update this article.
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